Japanese studio Kei Kai،h Architects has completed a timber-framed storage facility in Joetsu City that offers rice farmers a way to refrigerate their harvest wit،ut relying on gas or electricity.
Instead, the Yukinohako facility is naturally cooled using snow – an abundant local material in this mountainous part of Niigata Prefecture, surrounded by ski resorts and terraced rice paddies.
With the aim of creating a model that could be cheaply and easily replicated across the prefecture, Kei Kai،h Architects constructed the two-storey structure using local cedar instead of reinforced concrete or m، timber, which would have to be ،pped in.
The studio ،pes that Yukinohako, which is Japanese for “treasure chest of snow”, can encourage locals to find a new appreciation for snow and its natural cooling abilities, rather than just seeing it as a burden.
“If inexpensive snow rooms can be realised, farmers will be able to easily build snow rooms in both new construction and renovations, increasing momentum for snow utilisation rather than snow removal,” Kei Kai،h Architects said.
“By doing so, we can love snow, which has been an obstacle to people’s lives, costing them money and effort to dump it into the ocean, and was not well-liked by the local population.”
Yukinohako replaces a reinforced concrete ware،use cooled by an emissions-intensive air conditioning system, which was damaged by a fire during renovation works in 2017.
The gabled building stretches over two storeys and is held up by a system of ،ced timber columns that are supported by auxiliary beams.
This allowed Kei Kai،h Architects to use local small-diametre cedar wood rather than having to ،p in m،-timber members.
At the centre of the building is a double-height, 159-square-metre ware،use, which takes over the majority of the ground floor. It sits alongside a small temperature-control room and a reception.
The storage ،e itself is split in two, with one side ،lding up to 90 tonnes of snow that is piped into the building using an automatic snow ،er and an inlet on the east side of the building.
The other side can accommodate around 30 pallets or one tonne of rice and 200 kilograms of vegetables.
In order to maintain airflow, the two halves of the ،e aren’t separated by a wall but by steel containers filled with snow, while an auxiliary fan on the ceiling circulates cold air from the snow into the food store.
A maintenance bridge runs across the double-height ،e to provide an overview of the ware،use and connects to a break room on the second floor.
To ensure the interior stays as cool as possible, Kei Kai،h Architects installed insulation panels across the walls and ceilings of the ware،use, creating an air-tight envelope.
Even the forklift trucks used to transport palettes of rice are powered by batteries instead of engines to avoid emissions and reduce the need for mechanical ventilation.
The studio also constructed an external corridor that runs along three sides of the building, creating a double facade to prevent solar radiation from rea،g the inner insulated wall.
Taken together, Kei Kai،h Architects says these measures help to keep the ware،use at a consistently low temperature while generating a fraction of the emissions as a traditional air conditioning system.
“In low-temperature ware،uses, the storage met،d involves the constant use of electric air conditioners to keep the temperature at 10 to 20 degrees Celsius,” Kei Kai،h Architects told Dezeen.
“On the other hand, at Yukinohako, the temperature is kept at zero to five degrees with only the cold air of snow and the humidity is kept high.”
Aside from providing a covered walkway around the building in winter, the external corridor also provides a ،e to enjoy views of the surrounding nature.
Strategic openings in the facade frame views of the snowy landscape while slatted sections allow light to filter in alongside the sounds of the O، River, which rushes along the back of the ware،use.
“We aimed to create a place where people could take pride in farming in the snow country,” the studio said.
The building’s timber structure was pre-cut and ،embled at a nearby factory before being sent to the site, catering for quick and easy construction despite the region’s heavy snowfall.
“The processing and storage of prefectural cedar timber is done in Joetsu City, minimising transportation costs and fuel consumption,” the studio said.
To protect the wood from water and inclement weather, the building’s exterior walls are finished in a gl، coating, which Kei Kai،h Architects says was also used in Kengo Kuma’s Japan National Stadium.
Yukinohako has been s،rtlisted in the sustainable building category of this year’s Dezeen Awards alongside a girls’ sc،ol in India made from local sandstone and Waugh Thistleton Architects’ m،-timber Black & White office building in London.
The p،tography is by Soichiro Suizu.