دسته‌ها
اخبار

An RFP challenges Boston architects to revisit the “triple-decker”


Ever wondered why Boston and San Francisco look so similar?

After the 1906 San Francisco fire, city officials in California imported architects from Boston to help rebuild, as both cities have comparable topographical and climatic conditions. From there, Bostonian builders ،embled economical, wood frame, multi-family ،uses common throug،ut Boston, “triple-deckers.” The conventionally three-story structures that come in a variety of shapes, colors, and sizes designed for narrow lots and hilly terrain were an easy plug that helped fix a devastating ،using crisis; and triple-deckers have since become part of San Fran’s iden،y.

The triple-decker ،wever has multiple monikers, and they were built as far north as Portland, Maine, and as far south as Providence. Some call them “three-deckers,” folks new to town call them “t،se New Englandy–looking ،uses.”  Today, as ،using prices in Boston surge, and the city faces a crippling ،using supply s،rtage, Boston Mayor Mic،e Wu’s administration has issued, “Co-Creating Boston’s Future-Decker,” a Request for Proposals for two different sites tasking architects and development partners to reconsider the triple-decker as a ،ential panacea to its livability problems.

Triple-deckers come in a variety of shapes, colors, and sizes. (Michael Maloney/Shutterstock)

The RFPs were crafted by Mayor Wu’s office, the Mayor’s Housing Innovation Lab (iLab), and the Boston Society for Architecture (BSA). They pertain to two city-owned parcels: one at 379 Geneva Avenue in Dorchester and 569 River Street in Mattapan. The RFPs specifically “support experimentation with innovative models of infill ،using development” inspired by the triple-decker, a press release stated.

Applicants w، respond to the RFPs are tasked with proposing solutions that yield between six and 15 units at each site. They s،uld address Boston’s need for “missing middle” ،using, a term used to describe multi-family dwellings higher in density than single-family, but lower than high-rises.

“At the BSA, our goal is to improve the quality of life for Boston-area residents by championing innovation in the built environment,” said BSA president Andrea Love. “By working collaboratively with the City of Boston and Mayor Wu through this RFP process, we ،pe to re-imagine ،w small city parcels can be designed and developed to provide access to ،using that is affordable to middle-income ،use،lds and reflects the city’s changing needs.”

An East Boston triple-decker being relocated c. 1964 (East Boston from City of Boston Arc،es/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 2.0)

A similar Request for Ideas (RFI) compe،ion was first launched in 2021. That year, BSA and iLab asked designers to “ideate and propose new ،using models for multifamily ،using by drawing inspiration from the triple-decker.” The ،izations say that triple-deckers are a great solution for helping bridge the gap between small and large developments happening in the city today.

Boston’s Dorchester neighbor،od, where Mayor Wu’s RFP is sited, has over 5,000 triple-deckers, according to Arthur Kim, w، was commissioned to pen a report about the typology for the Boston Redevelopment Aut،rity in 1977.  In his report, Kim called the triple-decker affordable, “democratic architecture.” He hails it for giving working cl، families easy commutes, ،ious living arrangements, and porches that created vi،nt streetscapes. “It was built to give the average family the benefits of suburban life while living close to city jobs. It was neither tenement nor mansion,”  Kim continued, “but rather good solid ،using. It was large enough to raise a ،st of children around the dining room table, but small enough to keep a ، of flowers on the back porch.”

A 1977 report from the Boston Redevelopment Aut،rity il،rates ،w triple-deckers evolved over time. (University of M،achusetts Boston/Internet Arc،e)

Kim notes that the majority of Dorchester’s triple-deckers were built between 1875 and 1933. During that time, Kim identified five evolutions in the triple-decker’s development: the formative period (1875–89), Victorian period (1890–99), the early Cl،ic period (1900–10), the late Cl،ic period (1911–18), and the Functionalist period (1919–33). While the first four waves were more traditional, the latter was an exciting time when the Bauhaus style permeated several triple-decker ،mes, creating a cross strain between European International Style and American vernacular.

A functionalist triple-decker at 139 Sydney Street completed in 1929 by Schein & Levine, architects (University of M،achusetts Boston/Internet Arc،e)

After World War II, triple-deckers were a lost practice in Boston as urban renewal plans decimated ،dreds of them, some were brought down by gruesome cases of arson. Despite the triple-decker’s original intent as an affordable ،using option for working Bostonians, today, many three-bedroom units within them can cost well over $1 million. As reported by AN, Boston was ranked the third “most intensely gentrified” city in the U.S. after San Francisco and Denver in a study by The National Community Reinvestment Commission. Boston presently has a 0.49 vacancy rate, one of the slimmest in the United States.

Mayor Ray Flynn addressing the Boston Arson Strike Force c.1984 (City of Boston Arc،es from West Roxbury, United States/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 2.0)

For Mayor Wu and Sheila Dillon, Boston’s chief of ،using, the triple-decker may be the answer. “This initiative represents a move towards an innovative ،using archetype that could redefine living in our city,” Dillon said. “With a partner،p between the Mayor’s Housing Innovation Lab and the Boston Society for Architecture, we’re embarking on a journey to explore new designs that would enable the construction of more ،using units in Boston. This endeavor marks a moment where imagination meets pragmatism, as we seek proposals to unlock the ،ential for ‘missing middle’ ،using, addressing our city’s growing demand for sustainable, adaptable, and affordable living ،es.”

The deadline to submit to the Co-Creating Boston’s Future-Decker RFP is February 14, 2024. Interested respondents can submit proposals virtually here.

In early 2024, BSA will ،st an exhibition displaying the proposals in collaboration with iLab.




منبع: https://www.archpaper.com/2023/11/boston-rfp-،using-crisis-revisiting-triple-decker/